Sunday, June 9, 2013

I can describe the adaptations of an animal

In Room 9 we have been researching about the adaptations of animals and presenting our findings as an information report.

Here is an example from Kaley 

African Elephants are very adaptable animals. They have a lot of unique adaptations to survive in the hot plains.

Elephants have an interesting way of getting and eating their food. Elephants use their long trunks to grab leaves from trees, ripping them up at the same time so they don’t necessarily have to chew their food. They also use their tusks to break branches and bark off trees to eat. The use their trunks to gather up water, squirting it into their mouth, An elephant's trunk can store around about 14 litres of water at a time. They can spend 12 to 18 hours a day eating and can eat from 100 to 1000 pounds.

Elephants have many adaptations to survive in the savannah. African Elephants have thin, greyish black skin except for on the sides and back, where the skin is thicker. An elephants skin is very sensitive to the sun, and most calves are constantly shadowed by their mothers to avoid bad sunburns. To help protect their skin, elephants will wallow in mud and cover themselves with dirt. Elephants have an absence of sweet glands. The wrinkles on the elephants skin is needed to keep their body temperature down. Wrinkles increase the surface area, so there is more skin to wet when the animal bathes. The wrinkles trap moisture which takes longer to evaporate. Thus, a wrinkly elephant keeps cooler for longer that it would with smooth skin. They have large, fan-like ears to cool themselves when they overheat. They have a long trunk that acts like a hand of sorts, using it to clutch food, battle and attack.

For elephants, protection of the calves is vital. Adult elephants surround the calves when they sleep to protect them from predators. Sometimes, the calf will wonder off during the day and get eaten before the mother can stop it. Adult elephants use their tusks and trunks to fight, as well as using their charging and speed.

Elephants have many different behavioural adaptations. Female elephants or “cows” tend to live in family groups, which can consist of one female with her calves or a few related mothers. The group is led by the eldest cow, known as the matriarch. Males leave their family groups when they reach puberty, and may live alone or with other males. Adult bulls mostly interact with family groups when looking for a mate.

Overall, African elephants are highly suited for their habitat because of its physical and behavioural adaptations.

Here is another from Serena

Cheetahs are large cats that live commonly in Africa and Iran their appearance appears to be tall, Slender cats that have a flexible spine to reach far long strides, has a long tail used for balance, also helps cubs follow her mother through long grass furthermore  the scientific name for cheetah is Acinoyx Jubatus.

The Place in the food chain  is "Carnivores"The Cheetahs diet includes Thompon's Gazelle, Impata, Spring bok and Grant's Gazelle. Most Cheetahs eat antelope, hares, ground dwelling birds and much more. Cheetahs hunt usually by vision rather than smell. Once they have their position, they pounce on them when knocked out and their prey is lying on the ground, they quickly bite them in the neck before any other predators chase the away.

Cheetahs rely on tall grass for camouflage while hunting, they usually hunt in the morning or early evening. They hide in tall grass because tall grass is good for camouflage so the prey can't see them, known as Adaptation to the environment.

Cheetah's Protection. Cheetahs use their claws and teeth to protect themselves, if the cheetahs see another predator trying to take their prey, the cheetah will protect themselves to survive.

Cheetahs behavior, when cheetahs get aggressive they will lower their head below the shoulder level. When fighting each other they don't use their teeth when hurt or sad the cheetah makes "bleating"
sound, which is a type of moaning noise.

Cheetahs are adapted to it's environment because they have long legs which help them run a lot faster,
camouflaged skin to meet up with it's environment  to make them invisible, thats what makes them to live on survival.

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